With an enrolment rate for two-year-olds that is two times higher than the national average (58% against 25%), primary school students in Brittany start school earlier than those in the rest of France. Secondary education also has very high enrolment rates for young people aged 16 to 19 (almost 90%) and an above average exam success rate. The 260 public and private lycées (secondary schools for 15-18 year olds) in Brittany offer teaching in the three areas of general education and the four technological streams, and 76 lycées professionnels (vocational secondary schools for 15-18 year olds) prepare students for the CAP (Certificat d'Aptitude Professionnelle, a French vocational training certificate), the BEP (Brevet d'Études Professionnelles, a French vocational diploma), the Bac Professionnel (a French vocational secondary school diploma) and the BTS (Brevet Technicien Supérieur, a French advanced vocational diploma) in many sectors (electronics and mechanics, tourism, construction and public works, health and social care, etc.).
Agricultural and maritime lycées, a specific feature of Brittany
Brittany is the leading regional education authority in terms of establishing agricultural lycées. It has a total of 70, 11 of which are public. The vocational education provided relates to many various sectors: agriculture and its environment, construction, trade, agricultural equipment, horticulture and rural services. 4 of the 12 French lycées professionnels maritimes (maritime vocational schools) are located in the region, in Guilvinec (Finistère), Saint-Malo (Ille-et-Vilaine), Paimpol (Côtes d'Armor) and Étel (Morbihan), welcoming 600 young people. They all offer training in fishing, but each school also has a speciality: the farming of shellfish at the schools in Saint-Malo and Étel, merchant marine trades at the school in Paimpol, etc. Visit the site of the Ministère de l'Agriculture (French Ministry of Agriculture) to find out the contact details for each of the schools under the supervision of the ministry in Brittany, as well as the diplomas offered by each establishment.
Visit the website of the Ministère de l'Équipement, des Transports, du Logement du Tourisme et de la Mer (Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport, Housing, Tourism and the Sea) Information on marine jobs, training, diplomas and the contact details of schools and lycées professionnels maritimes in Brittany.
A wide range of work-based training
In Brittany, there are 43 Centres de Formation d'Apprentis (apprenticeship training centres) and apprenticeship departments spread across 100 lycées and universities. In partnership with companies, they provide training for more than 290 trades across all sectors: construction, public works, mechanics, electronics and electricity, telecommunications, the sea and agriculture, agrifood, the environment, health, secretarial and accounting, trade and distribution, catering and hospitality, etc. This training, which alternates between studying at a training centre and working within a company, prepares graduates from the CAP to the engineering master’s degree: CAP, BEP, Bac Pro, BTS, DUT (Diplôme Universitaire de Technologie, a French two-year Diploma from a University Institute of Technology), university higher education (Licences Professionnelles (vocational training degrees), master's degrees, etc.).
Continuing vocational education
Continuing education offers many resources to all those who wish to change
jobs or sector, improve their skills and find a job, etc.
Training and assistance is offered to job seekers and those in employment. Each year, almost 5,000 Breton companies with over 10 employees fund continuing vocational education for their employees. In 2006, 359,421 employees benefitted from this system.
- Visit the site of Gref
- Visit the site of Fongecif Bretagne (Fonds de Gestion des Congés Individuels de Formation Bretagne, an organisation providing information and guidance to employees in the private sector in Brittany)
- Visit the site of Onisep (Office National d'Information sur les Enseignements et les Professions, a national organisation providing information on education and careers)
- Visit the site of Nadoz
The VAE (Validation des Acquis de l'Expérience, or accreditation of prior experiential learning): validate the benefits of your experience with a degree or a diplomaWith the 2002 law on the Validation des Acquis de l'Expérience, it is now possible for your professional, social and personal experience to be truly acknowledged. Anyone who is employed can validate their experience, whether professional or not, to obtain a diploma, a Titre à Finalité Professionnelle (professional certification) or a certificate of qualification.
A network of distance learning access points throughout Brittany offers the possibility to undertake a general or professional distance learning course (self-study or supported distance learning) to improve your knowledge, add to your skills or make a career change, etc.
Points d'accès à la Téléformation (Pat, or distance learning access points)
The regional distance learning portal
With 72,900 students enrolled in higher education, Brittany accounts for 4.9% of the national share and is the sixth leading region in France. It has 108,000 students who are continuing their studies after taking the Baccalauréat (a French exam taken at age 18). The vast majority study at one of the 239 higher education institutions: universities, écoles d'ingénieurs (engineering schools), IUTs (Institut Universitaire de Technologie, or University Institutes of Technology), formation sanitaires et sociales (health and social education centres), artistic and cultural schools of higher education, etc.
Universities come in first place, with 62% of students enrolled at the 4 universities in Brittany: the Université de Rennes I (University of Rennes 1) and the Université de Rennes II (University of Rennes 2) (and their Saint-Brieuc campus), the Université de Bretagne Occidentale (University of Western Brittany), with campuses in Brest, Quimper and Morlaix, and the Université de Bretagne Sud (University of Southern Brittany), with sites in Vannes, Lorient and Pontivy.
The UEB (Université Européenne de Bretagne, or European University of Brittany) is one of the nine PRES (Pôle de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur, or research and higher education centres) created in March 2007. By combining the strengths of the universities, grandes écoles (prestige university-level colleges with competitive entrance examinations), hospitals and research organisations, the aim of the UEB is to position itself as a research and higher education centre of international standing. It has 21 members: the 4 universities in Brittany, 5 schools and 12 associate members. The UEB is a major research establishment, with more than 70,000 students.
The Campus Numérique Breton (Digital Campus of Brittany)
Aimed at students in formal education and professionals in continuing education, the Campus Numérique de Bretagne offers distance learning courses in various fields: finance, management and human resources, the environment and planning, returning to study, languages, literature and civilisation, the Internet and digital audiovisuals, IT, life sciences, food processing and social law.